Shaykh Farid al-Baji al-Maliki

Summarized translated biography1 of shaykh, al-‘allâmah, al-muhaddith Abû Muhammad Yûsuf, Farîd ibn ‘Ali ibn ‘Abd Allâh ibn Muhammad al-Bâji al-Tûnisi, Mâliki in jurisprudenceand founder of Dâr al-Hadîth al-Zaytûniyyah in Tunis, Tunisia.

Hewas born on the 6th of Rabî’ al-Awwal 1388 AH / the 3rd of June 1968, in Tunis.

He studied at the Zaytuna University in Tunis. The first ahadith he listened to where those of Sahîh al-Bukhâri from the mouth of the honorable shaykh Muhammad Lakhwah – rahimahullâh – when he didn’t even reach the age of eleven years old. After that he studied with shaykh Muhammad Makhlûf – may Allâh preserve him – the Muqaddimah of Ibnas-Salâh and the poem of Ibn ‘Ashir. Then he studied a part of al-Adab al-Mufrad with the erudite shaykh Hasan al-Khiâri al-Zaytûni, rahimahullah, followed by the Risâlah of Ibn Abî Zayd al-Qayrawâni, on which he worked with shaykh Jarrâyah and finally al-‘aqîdah with shaykh Muhammad al-Majdhûb, the faqîh (i.e. jurist) of Zaytûna – may Allâh have mercy with him. He had the immense honour of assisting shaykh Muhammad al-Shâdhili al-Nayfar, the jurist and verifier (al-faqîh al-muhaqqiq) – may Allâh have mercy with him. Amongst his shuyûkh of Zaytûnah who gave him ijâzah are shaykh ‘Uthmân al-‘Uthmâni – may Allâh protect him – student of shaykh al-islâm and muftî of the Maliki’s, the erudite ‘Abd al-‘Azîz Ju’ayyît – may Allâh have mercy with him, as well as the scholar, jurist and al-mujâhid Mukhtâr al-Mahri – may Allâh have mercy with him – of whom he received ijazah in Jawharat al-Tawhîd.

In 1985 he travelled to Pakistan where he memorised the Qur’an and learned the rules of al-tajwîd from shaykh Ahmad Batla according to the reading of Hafs ‘an al-imâm ‘Asim.

Thereafter he went to Damascus where he enrolled in the Islamic institute al-Fath al-Islâmi where he graduated in Islamic law and the Arabic language in 1414/1415 (1993/1994).

His main shuyûkh in al-Shâm, in the science of hadîth, regarding aldirâyah and al-riwâyah, or in terms of al-ijâzah, were shaykh Abû ‘Umar al-Nâshûqâti – may Allâh have mercy with him, shaykh Mustafâ al-Bûghâ of Damascus – may Allâh preserve him– and the noble muhaddith shaykh ‘Abd Allâh Sirâj al-Dîn – may Allâh have mercy with him – of Aleppo. He studied al-fiqh Hanafi with the erudite jurist ‘Abd al-Razzâq al-Halabi al-Hanafi, may Allâh have mercy with him, with the nickname Abû Hanîfah, the science of tawhîd with shaykh Adîb Kalâs – may Allâh have mercy with him – and the science of usûl al-fiqh with shaykh Wali al-Dîn Farfûr and the erudite Hussâm al-Dîn Farfûr – may Allâh preserve them. He was an imâm and delivered the Friday sermon (al-khutbah) in several Damascene mosques.

He memorised ten thousand ahadîth with critique on their chain of
transmission (al-takhrîj) before the age of twenty three and he recited al-
Muwatta of imâm Mâlik related by Yahyâ ibn Yahyâ al-Laythi in one day in
the presence of scholars and students.

The shaykh often mentioned the name of the shaykh of hadîth of Mazâhir
al-‘Ulûm in Sahâranpûr in India, the erudite muhaddith, al-mujtahid,
Muhammad Yûnus al-Jaunpûri – may Allâh preserve him– successor of
Mawlânâ Muhammad Zakariyâ al-Kândahlawi – may Allâh have mercy with
him – author of Zâd al-Sâlik sharh Muwatta al-imâm Mâlik. From him he
heard most of the six books of hadith. He said his shaykh is the Bukhari of
his time and the greatest scholar in the field of hadith. Amongst his other
eminent shuyukh is the muhaddith, the verifier, mawlânâ Muhammad ‘Abd
al-Rachîd al-Nu’mâni al-Hanafi al-Bâkistâni –may Allâh have mercy with
him – shaykh al-hadîth of the university of Binori Town in Karachi
(Pakistan) and one of the shuyûkh of the erudite ‘Abd al-Fattâh Abî
Ghuddah – may Allâh have mercy with him. With him he studied Kitâb al-
Athâr of the eminent imâm Abû Hanîfah al-Nu’mân according to the
riwâyah of Muhammad (Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybâni) as well as
the book Mâ tamassu ilayhi al-Hâjah li man yutâli’u Sunan Ibn Mâjah and
Tabyîdh al-Sahîfat fî Manâqibi Abî Hanîfah but also numerous chapters of
the sciences of hadîth. He also read with him Jâmi’ Masânîd al-‘Azam of
imâm al-Khawârizmi as well as the Muwatta’ of imâm Mâlik according to
the riwâyah of Muhammad and Yahyâ, after that the Sunan of imâm al-
Shâfi’i according to the riwâyah of al-Tahâwi al-Muzani, the musnad of
imâm al-Shâfi’i by Abî al-‘Abbâs al-Asamm, the musnad of imâm Ahmad,
the Ma’ânî al-Athâr by imâm al-Tahâwi and the Sihâh al-Sunnah.
With Mawlânâ Ni’mat Allâh ibn al-Hâj ‘Abd ibn Mawlânâ ‘Abd al-Haqq al-
‘Azami he studied the first part of Sahîh Muslim.

With the muhaddith, nicknamed the Tahawi of his time, Mawlânâ Sa’îd
Ahmad al-Palânpûri (shaykh of hadîth and professor of Sunan al-Tirmidhi)
he studied the complete Muwatta of imâm Mâlik according to the riwâyah
of Yahyâ in fifteen days (al-dirâyah and al-riwâyah) on an average of 16
hours a day.

Allâh permitted the shaykh to hear ahadith from the mouth of the
muhaddith of India, the erudite, the grand verifier, Mawlânâ Habîb al-
Rahmân al-‘Azami rahimahullah. The shaykh also heard al-Arba’in al-
Sunbuliyyah and chapters of Sahîh al-Bukhâri from the mouth of the
muhaddith Mujîb al-Ghaffâr As’ad ibn ‘Abd al-Qayyûm al-‘Azami, shaykh of
hadîth at Mazâhir al-‘Ulûm. He also listened to chapters of Sahîh al-
Bukhâri with the shaykh of hadîth Mawlânâ ‘Abd al-Haqq al-‘Azami.
He received ijazah in al-dirâyah and al-riwâyah of hadith from shuyukh
from Tunisia, Morocco, Eypt, Shâm, Mecca and Medina, Libya, the United
Arab Emirates, India and Pakistan, amongst which:

  •  the muftî Abû al-Qâsim al-Nu’mâni
  •  the shaykh Sâlih Ahmad ibn Muhammad Idrîs
  •  the shaykh Musâ’id ibn Bachîr ibn Hâj Sa’d al-Husayni known as Hâj Sudayrah
  •  the erudite Abû al-Hasan al-Nadwi
  •  the muhaddith Sayyidî ‘Abd al-‘Azîz al-Ghumâri al-Hasani – rahimahullah
  •  the shaykh Mâlik ibn al-‘Arabi ibn Ahmad al-Sharîf al-Sanûsi
  •  the shaykh Mujîb al-Ghaffâr As’ad ibn ‘Abd al-Qayyûm al-‘Azami al-Banârisi
  •  the shaykh al-sayyid Nabîl ibn Hâchim al-Ghamri ‘Âli Bâ’Alawi
  •  the shaykh Muhammad Riyâdh al-Mâlih
  •  the shaykh Abû al-Futûh ‘Abd Allâh ibn ‘Abd al-Qâdir al-Talîdi, the successor of Sayyidî Ahmad ibn al-Siddîq al-Ghumâri – may Allâh preserve him
  •  the shaykh, musnid, Yûsuf ‘Abd al-Rahmân al-Mar’ashli
  •  the shaykha Fâtimat bint Ahmad al-Sharîf with the nickname al-Shifâ, granddaughter of the erudite shaykh Ahmad ibn ‘Abd al-Qâdir al-Rîfi
  •  the shaykh Abû al-Ma’âlî ‘Abd al-Hafîz al-Qâdhî Athar al-Mubârakfuri
  •  the muftî Muhammad ‘Âshiq Ilâhî al-Barni
  •  the shaykh al-Mukhtâr ibn ‘Abd al-Sattâr al-Mahri al-Tûnisi
  •  the shaykh ‘Abd al-Haqq al-‘Azami
  •  the muhaddith shaykh Muhammad Sa’îd Mamdûh
  •  the muhaddith doctor Ahmad Nûr Sayf al-Imârâti

The shaykh authored around thirty works of which half of them have been published.

– In ‘aqîdah (dogma) :
1. Al-Mu’în fî Ma’rifat Usûl al-Dîn (published)
2. Al-Mukhtasar al-Mufîd fî Arkân al-Imân wa al-Tawhîd (published)
3. Mâ lâ yu’dharu al-Jâhilu bi Jahlih (published)
4. Al-Faydh al-Sadîd sharh Jawharat al-Tawhîd
– In mustalah (hadith terminology):
5. Zâd al-Sâlik ilâ Mustalah al-Hadîth ‘inda al-imâm Mâlik
– In fiqh (jurisprudence) :
6. Tuhfat al-Sâlik bi Ma’rifat Ahkâm al-Salât ‘alâ Madhhabi Mâlik
(published)
7. Risâlat fî Sujûd al-Sahw ‘alâ Madhhab al-imâm Mâlik (published)
8. Risâlat fî al-Aymân wa al-Nudhûr (al-fiqh al-muqâran) (published)
9. Al-Hujjât wa al-Bayân li man harrama ‘alâ al-Hâ’idh Qirâ’at al-
Qur’ân (published)
10. Al-Buyû’ ‘alâ Madhhab Mâlik ibn Anas
– In usûl al-fiqh:
11. Al-Masâlik ilâ Usûl al-Fiqh ‘inda al-imâm Mâlik
– In sîrah, hadîth and al-raqâ’iq:
12. Al-Burhân ‘alâ Butlân Hadîth lâ taqra’ al-Hâ’idh wa al-Junub al-
Qur’ân (published)
13. Al-Sa’y wa al-Tahsîl li wasl mâ fî al-Muwatta’ min al-Mu’allaqât wa
al-Marâsîl
14. Al-Wâhiyyât wa al-Munkarât
15. Al-Sharaf al-Mubîn fî Fadhâ’il Sayyid al-Awwalîn wa al-Akhirîn
(published)
16. Zînat Ahl al-Imân bi Ma’rifat Awsâf imâmat al-Sayyid ibn ‘Adnân
(published)
17. Ithâf al-Mu’minîn bi Ma’rifat Jalâlat Usûl Sayyid al-Awwalîn wa al-
Akhirîn wa Sharaf Amina ‘alayhâ al-salâm Habîbat al-Muslimîn
(published)
18. Al-Ifâdat bi Nayl Fadhâ’il al-Shahîd min ghayri Shahâdah
(published)
19. Is’âd al-Qulûb bi Ahâdith Sa’at al-Rizq wa Kashf al-Kurûb
(published)
20. Tuhfat al-Najîb fî al-Salât ‘alâ al-Nabi al-Habîb (published)
21. Ithâf al-Akâbir bi Ma’rifat al-Kabâ’ir (published)
22. Adhkâr al-Hifâzah (published)
23. Al-Hizb al-Muhammadi (published)
24. Hidâyat al-Akhyâr bi al-Salât ‘alâ al-Nabi al-Mukhtâr (published)
25. Al-Salâtu al-Imdâdiyyah (published)
26. Muqtanayât Sayyid al-Wujûd sallâ Allâhu `alayhi wa âlihi wa
sallam (not finished)
27. Akhbâr al-Malâ’ikah al-Hijaj al-Bayyinât fî ‘Irdh mâ kâna wa sa
yakûn ‘alâ Sayyid al-Kâ’inât fî al-Hayât wa ba’da al-Wafâh
(published)
28. Al-Tarîqat al-Muhammadiyyah fî al-Adâb wa al-Sulûk al-
Muhammadiyyah
In grammar:
31. Al-Fath al-Rabbâni fî Ma’rifat Hurûf al-Ma’ânî (published)

Courtesy: Cordoba Academy Forum (http://forum.cordobaacademy.com/2013/01/10/living-and-studying-in-tunisia/)

Translated by: “Haruni”

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