Born in Patna, British India, in 1892, he received his early religious education in Gujarat and learned the Qur’an by heart from his father Hafiz Syed Ziauddin at the age of 10 years. He migrated to Amritsar in 1914 when he was 22 years old. He completed his early education here by subscribing to a purist view of Islam, and remained associated with the Deoband School in Saharanpur district. He believed in traditional Islamic, madrasa-based learning, and considered ‘teaching of English’ as irreligious; a commonly held view amongst his contemporary Muslims. Bukhari began his career as a religious preacher in a small mosque in Amritsar, and taught the Quran for the next 40 years. He became one of the best reciters of the Qur’an of his time. He shared friendship with a section of socialists and communists but did not accept their ideology completely, as to him the ultimate and only guide was the Quran and not materialism. He was ‘imbued with a brilliant exposition of romantic socialism, and led Muslims to a restlessness activism’.
He studied the Sahih Bukhari in jail when he was imprisoned for an anti-government religious speech.
He started his religious and political career in 1916. His speeches were entertaining, eloquent, lucid and full of witty anecdots and stories from Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Punjabi, and Multani. He graphically portrayed the sorrows and sufferings of the poor, and would promise his audience that the end of their sufferings would come about with the end of British rule. He was an exceptional leader who travelled across the length and breadth of the country yet never made any statements to the press. He had been greatly influenced by the Jallianwalla Bagh tragedy of 1919, which had intensified rebellious feelings within him, like many other of his generation. He delivered a stirring speech at the Khilafat Conference held at Amritsar in December 1919. As the first step of his political career, he began to participate in the movements of the Indian National Congress in 1921 from Kolkata and here again he delivered a very impressive and impassioned speech. Soon his popularity soared high, and turned him into a known leader, though he was arrested on 27 March 1921 because of that speech. Bukhari believed in attaining independence through non-violent and constitutional means, and as an active Indian National Congress member, toured the country, often purporting to be an emissary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He combined his politics with missionary zeal, and followed the injunctions of Quran as a Read More »
Compiled by ‘Abd Allah bin Muhammad al-Afriqui
Mawlana Ibrahim Mia was born on the 19th November 1947 in Lydenburg, South Africa. He was the son of the late Hafiz ‘Abd al-Rahman Mia who was known as “the father of South African Huffaz”. After his initial learning locally, Mawlana Ibrahim proceeded to Dabhel to study at the Jami’ah Islamiyya Talim al-Din. Mawlana’s grandfather, Haji Ibrahim Mia of Simlak, Gujrat was instrumental in establishing this madrassah. Mawlana Ibrahim once said that he feels it was due to ‘Allamah Anwar Shah al-Kashmiri spending some time at the home of his grandfather, after he had left Deoband, that piety has been passed on through the family generations.
Mawlana Ibrahim went on to Dar al-‘Ulum Deoband were he completed the last two years of his ‘alim course. Amongst his teachers were the likes of Mawlana Sayyid Fakhr al-Din al-Muradabadi, Mawlana Sayyid Anzar al-Kashmiri, Mufti Mahmud al-Gangohi and others. Mawlana Ibrahim use to go to Saharanpurupon the advice of his teachers, in particular Mufti al-Gangohi, during the holidays to sit in the company of Shaykh al-Hadith Mawlana Zakariyya al-Kandhlawi. Once, during the second ten days of Ramadan he along with his colleague, Mawlana Nanabhay of South Africa, had the privilege of taking the bay’ah (pledge) at the hands of Mawlana al-Kandhlawi physically placing his hands in the hands of Mawlana al-Kandhlawi. When Mawlana al-Kandhlawi migrated to Madinah he also went with him and spent a period of time. He was later granted khilafat (successor) as well.
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Haji Muhammad Faruq – Bayt al-Ashraf, Bagh Hayat Sukkur
Dr. Muhammad Tanwir Ahmad Khan – Bangla No 4 C Block A Latifabad Hyderabad
Dr. `Abd al-Ghaffar Shaykh – Bayraj Road Sukkur
Colonel Arshad Ayaz – Choburji Quarters
Dr. `Aqil al-Din Ahmad – 78 A Model Town Lahore
Habib Allah – SPIT Service Mour Gujarat
Hajji Muhammad Bashir Ahmad – Zamindar Boat Shop Layyah
Mawlana Wakil Ahmad Sherwani – 78 A Model Town Lahore
Khalil Ahmad Wakil – 887 A Abdullah Town Seekar North Karachi
Dr. Muhammad Siraj – Bannu Sarhad
I`yaz `Ali – Sukkur
Mawlana Muhammad Safi Allah Sherwani – Jalalabad Muzaffarnagar
Mawlana `Abd al-Rahim Madrasi – Ma`had al-`Ulum al-Islamia Andhra Pradesh
Mawlana Muhammad Qamr – 10 – 80 Purah Manuhar Das Akbarpur Ilahabad
Mawlana Zaki al-Din – Nizamia Dawa Khana Tamil Nadu
Mawlana Nur al-Din – Madrasah Ta`lim al-Islam Tarak Kashmir
Ahlullah – Qadhi St. Parnambat Tamil Nadu
Mawlana Qari `Abd al-Rahim Mewati – Jami’ah Miftah al-`Ulum Jalalabad
Prof. Sayyid `Ali Shah Masdar – Kashmir
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Mawlana Muzaffar Husayn Kandhlawi (may Allah shower His mercy upon him) has been mentioned several times on the blog. I recently came across some more biographical information about the mawlana which readers may find interesting.
The mawlana’s biographers write that he was of an extremely pious disposition from a young age and an ardent follower of the sunnah. His condition, later in life, became such that his body would not accept even a morsel of food procured from doubtful sources. Once, when mawlana was involved in the construction of a mosque in Kandhla, Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan — on account of close family ties — donated some money. Mawlana Muzaffar Husayn’s taqwa was such that he refused the cash saying, “Your income is haram and cannot be used for a mosque.’’
Mawlana Muzaffar Husayn Kandhlawi was among the trusted colleagues and students of Shah Muhammad Ishaq Dehlawi and his brother Shah Muhammad Ya‘qub (may Allah shower His mercy upon them). He was among those who were named by these two savants as their successors in India when they migrated to the Hijaz.
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This kitaab would indeed be incomplete without mentioning something about our Hadhrat’s khaadim-e-khaas (special attendant) Hadhrat Moulana Ibraaheem Pandor Saahib (db). He is the youngest of seven brothers. His father, Haji Ismail Yusuf Pandor (RA) was extremely pious and always had great love for the Ulama’ and the pious. Four of his seven sons are Ulama’, three of whom are the khulafaa of Hadhrat Sheikhul Hadeeth, Moulana Muhammad Zakariyya (RA) and three are the khulafaa of Hadhrat Moulana As’ad Madani (RA). Hadhrat Moulana Ibraaheem Saahib (db) is a khalifa of both Hadhrat Sheikhul Hadith Moulana Muhammad Zakariyya (RA) and Hadhrat Mufti Mahmood Saahib (RA).
Hadhrat Moulana Ibraaheem Saahib (db) initially studied at home in South Africa and thereafter enrolled in Hatora at the Madrasah of Hadhrat Moulana Siddeeq Ahmad Baandwi Saahib (RA). Thereafter he proceeded to Darul Uloom Deoband to complete his studies. He studied Bukhaari Shareef under Hadhrat Mufti Mahmood Saahib (RA). After qualifying, he dedicated himself to the service of Faqeehul Ummah, Hadhrat Mufti Mahmood Saahib (RA).
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MUHAMMAD BIN QASIM is undoubtedly one of the noblest sons of Islam. The most remarkable thing about him is that he combines the innocence of youth with the highest level of achievement.
MUHAMMAD BIN QASIM is undoubtedly one of the noblest sons of Islam. The most remarkable thing about him is that he combines the innocence of youth with the highest level of achievement. He was hardly seventeen when he led an army into Sind and conquered the whole of Sind and gave it a just and good government. These great achievements were attained in a strange, far off land, with the help of a few thousand countrymen. History has very few examples to put beside this one.
Muhammad bin Qasim strongly felt for the downtrodden masses who were suffering in the hands of rulers and gave them the basic human rights. All citizens were given equal rights. The Arab rule brought a new hope and new horizons for the down-trodden. The blessings of Arab rule were meant for Muslims and non-Muslims alike. The Hindus were amazed at the treatment they received. Their temples remained intact, and the government even repaired temples. Three per cent of the income from land revenue was set aside for the upkeep of the temples. The priests continued to enjoy the rights they had enjoyed before.
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A famous Arabic proverb reads, “Mawtul Aalim Mawtul ‘Aalam” – The demise of a scholar is the demise of a nation. From the hadith of Abdullah bin Amr (R) we learn that this will be a common occurrence before the Day of Qiyamah,
Verily Allah does not take away knowledge by snatching it from the people, rather he takes away knowledge by taking away the scholars…(Muslim)
Abu Umamah (R) narrated that the Prophet (S) is reported to have stated,
Oh People! Acquire knowledge before knowledge is withdrawn from you and before knowledge is lifted.
The loss of an ‘Aalim is sad. The loss of a senior ‘Aalim is even more sad. When a senior ‘Aalim who was a passionate participant in a wide range activities related to the uplifment of the Ummah passes away, then his loss is indeed painful.
Less than two years ago, the South African community was saddened by the loss of Maulana Qasim Sema (ra). A little longer than a year ago, South African Muslims had to endure the loss of Maulana Ahmad Hathurani (ra). We were then saddened to note the passing away of Mufti Basheer Sanjalvi (ra).
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1. Moulana Ibraheem Patni (Gujarat)
2. Haji Abu Bakr (Chennai)
3. Moulana Mufti Abul Qaasim Nu ‘maani (Varanasi)
4. Moulana Abul Kalaam (Tamil Nadu)
5. Moulana Mufti Ahmed Khanpuri (Dhabhel — Gujarat)
6. Moulana Mufti Ahmed Dehlawi (Jambusar – Gujarat))
7. Moulana Ahmed Buzurg (Dhabhel)
8. Haji Ahmed Kabeer [RA] (Chennai)
9. Moulana Mufti Muhammad Akhtar (RA) (Panjaab)
10. Moulana Qaari Muhammad Idrees (Delhi)
11. Moulana Muhammad Islaam (Deoband)
12. Moulana Muhammad Aslam (Ghaziabad U.P)
13. Moulana Muhammad Ismail Qasmi (Deoband)
14. Moulana Ikraamul Haq (Rajisthan)
15. Moulana Mufti Ikraamud Deen (Gujarat)
16. Moulana Imaamud Deen (W. Bengal)
17. Moulana Imdaadullah Chodri (W. Bengal)
18. Moulana Anwaar Ahmed (Kanpur U.P.)
19. Moulana Muhammad Anees Khan (Deoband)
20. Moulana Mufti Muhammad Ayyub (Haapur U.P.)
21. Moulana Mufti Muhammad Ayyub Shah (Kashmir)
22. Janaab Iyaazul haq (U.P)
23. Haji Jameelud Deen (Calcatta West Bengal)
24. Haji Jameel Ahmed (U.P)
25. Moulana Mufti Habibur Rahman (Deoband)
26. Moulana Husain Ahmed Paandoli (U.P)
27. Moulana Khaalid (Sahaaranpur)
28. Moulana Mufti Khalil Ahmed (Kaawi – Gujarat)
29. Moulana Muhammad Rahmatullah Meer Qaasmi (Kashmir)
30. Moulana Mufti Rashid Ahmed Fareedi (Gujarat)
31. Moulana Mufti Sabeel Ahmed (Tamil Nadu)
32. Hakeem Moulana Muhammad Sa’ood Ajmeri (Mumbay)
33. Moulana Sa’eed Ahmed (U.P)
34. Moulana Muhammad Salmaan Gangohi (Gangoh)
35. Moulana Saiful Haq (W. Bengal)
36. Moulana Mufti Muhammad Shaakir Ali (W.Bengal)
37. Moulana Muhammad Shafee’ Umarjee (Gujarat)
38. Moulana Muhammad Shafee’ Miyaa Simlaki [RA] (Gujarat)
39. Moulana Shaukat Ali (Mumbay)
40. Moulana Mufti Muhammad Taahir (Sahaaranpur)
41. Moulana Mufti Zaheerul Islaam [RA] (U.P)
42. Moulana Mufti Abdul Jabbaar (Muzaffarnagar U.P)
43. Moulana Mufti Abdur Rahman Guddaawi (Bihar)
44. Moulana Mufti Abdur Raheem (Bhopal M.P.)
45. Moulana Abdur Rashid Sultaanpuri (U.P)
46. Moulana Abdul Ghaffaar (W. Bengal) [RA]
47. Moulana Abdul Qaadir (West Bangal)
48. Moulana Abdul Qaadir (North Bangal)
49. Moulana Abdul Qayyum (Bihar) [RA]
50. Haafiz Muhammad ‘Ateeq (Kanpur)
51. Moulana Muhammad Uthmaan (Aassam)
52. Moulana Abdul Lateef (Chennai)
53. Moulana ‘Ali ‘Ibaad (Banaras U.P) [RA]
54. Qaari Muhammad ‘Ainul Haq (Bihaar) [RA]
55. Moulana Qaari ‘Ainul Haq Naabina (Calcatta)
56. Moulana Mufti Muhammad Faarooq (Meerut U.P)
57. Moulana Muhammad ‘Ali (Gujarat)
58. Moulana Muhammad bin Abdul Hayy (Gujarat)
59. Moulana Mufti Mahmood Hasan (Deoband)
60. Moulana Mufti Mahmood Baardoli (Gujarat)
61. Hakeem Mahmood Ajmeri (Gangoh)
62. Moulana Mufti Muhammad Masroor (RA) (Jaipur – Rajistaan)
63. Moulana Mas’ood Ahmed (Ghaziabad U.P)
64. Moulana Mutee’ur Rahmaan (Bihaar)
65. Moulana Mu’eenul Islaam Gohaali (Cuttack Orissa)
66. Moulana Mufti Maqsood (Saharan Pur)
67. Moulana Musa Haji Kacholwi [RA] (Gujarat)
68. Moulana Noorul Hasan (Banaras U.P)
69. Moulana Muhammad Noorullah (Andra Pradesh)
70. Moulana Muhammad Haarun Maniar (Surat)
71. Moulana Muhammad Haashim Rawat [RA] (Gujarat)
72. Moulana Muhammad Yaameen (Haapur U.P)
73. Moulana Muhammad Ya’qoob [RA] (Ghazi Aabad U.P.)
74. Munshi Muhammad Ya’qoob (Meerut)
75. Moulana Mufti Muhammad Yusuf (Deoband)
76. Moulana Muhammad Yusuf [RA] (W. Bengal)
77. Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Hans Simlaki (Gujarat)
Moulana is a 72 year old,South African(3rd generation iirc) aalim who is a senior khalifah of Ml.Maseehullah Khan Sherwani(r.a.).Moulana gained his initial prominance due to Ml.Maseehullah(r.a.) fondness of him. Moulana was one of the most hard working students in the madressah, completed his studies and was given Ijazah in a very short period of time. Moulana has been involved in various branches of deen. Moulana is a sheikh of tasawwuf,was/is involved in the ta’leem of children,maktab and other levels iirc, also through his awake magazine and al-haq,al-majlis and other publications. Moulana has compiled plenty of books on different speres of deen, including fatawa, tasawwuf, ibadat, responses to baatil, fiqh, aqeedah and many more.
Moulana was also involved in jihad, running jihad camps in the mountains of the Eastern Cape province of South Africa,and he had links to several of the afghan mujahideen. I am not sure if he spent time in afghanistan just as an observer or if he was active in the actual jihad against the soviets. Moulana is a vocifirous votary of the caucus mujahideen. Moulana also runs a humanitarian organisation known as SOSH/servants of suffering humanity. Moulana also runs an extensive project which is known as the maktab project. It is run in many countries, primarily in bangladesh and impoverished muslim communities that have little deen and where christian missioneries are active. In 1999, there were 600 maktab madrasahs run by moulana. I don’t know about the present situation.
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From the book- ‘ Roznamah Al Jamiat ‘ – shaikh ul Islam number, Published by Jamiat Ulema e Hind, Delhi. 1st publication-15 feb,1957; 2nd Publication- 10th July, 1998.
The list happens to be very authentic as it is endorsed in the end by Hazrat Maulana Qari Asghar Ali sahab (rah) Khalifa and confidante of Hazrat Shaikh ul Islam (rah),Darul uloom Deoband. The book was published under the guardianship of Ameer ul Hind Hazrat Maulana Syed Asad Madani sahab ; President Jamiat Ulema e Hind.
Page 15- 17.
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