Imam Birgivi

Biography of Imam Birgivi [may Allah have mercy on him]

The following is excerpted from the introductory biography in the book Al-Tariqah al-Muhammadiyyah : The Path of Muhammad.

Imam Birgivi was an Ottoman Muslim scholar and moralist who lived during the height of the Ottoman Empire, in the 16th century of the common era. Yet his influence on Islamic morals and ethics continues to this day. This book is still being used as a text in the most important faculties of theology and in the universities of many Muslim countries. An abridged version was translated by Garcin de Tassy into French under the title Exposition de la Foi Musulmane. It was published in Paris in 1822.

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Shaykh al-Hind Mahmud al-Hasan |شيـخ الهــند محمـود حسـن

شيـخ الهــند
إمـام المجاهـدين محمـود حسـن
نورالله مرقده

Shaikhul Hind Mahmood Hasan Deobandi
(d. 1920)

Shaikhul Hind was the first ever pupil in Darul Uloom. It is about him that it has been said that the student who first of all opened the book before the teacher, it was Mahmood. Shaikhul Hind was born in 1268/1851 at Bareilly where his august father, Shaykh Zulfiqar Ali, was attached to the government education department. Primary education he acquired from his uncle, Shaykh Mehtab Ali, who was a famous divine. While he was reading Qaduri and Sharh-e-Tehzib, Darul Uloom came to be established, and he entered it. After completing the course of Darul Uloom in A.H. 1286, he lived in attendance on al-Imam Mohammad Qasim Nanawtawi and acquired the science of Hadith. Thereafter he studied certain higher books of different sciences under the instruction of his august father; and in 1290/1873, he received the “turban of proficiency” at the auspicious hands of al-Imam Nanawtawi. During his student career itself he was counted amongst the distinguished pupils of al-Imam Mohammad Qasim Nanawtawi, who used to show special affection to him. As such, in view of his high academic and mental capacities, the elders choice fell upon him for the teaching position in the Darul Uloom, and in 1291/1874, he was appointed as the fourth teacher from which post he gradually progressed and got promoted to the post of the principal in1308/1890.

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By Friends of Deoband

Mawlana Ismaeel Nakhuda in 2005 wrote a review of Naqsh-e-Hayat, the autobiography of Shaykh al-Islam Mawlana Sayyid Hussain Ahmad Madani (Allah have mercy on him). It can be found here:

Subsequently, a translation has been started by a blogger at this link:
Nakshe Hayat by Molana Hussain Ahmad Madni RA

Do circulate the above link, insha’Allah…

Shaykh Sharaf al-Din Yahya Maneri

Hazrat Maulana Syed Abul Hassan Ali Nadwi sahab (rah) has dedicated the last chapter of his masterpiece ‘ Tareekh Dawat o Azeemat ‘ Vol II (Saviours of Islamic Spirit Vol. II ) to Hazrat Makhdum Shaikh Sharafuddin Yahya Maneri (rah).

Saviours of Islamic Spirit Vol II , P: 257 courtesy of “dr76” of SF

Popularly known as Makhdum ul Mulk Bihari, his name was Ahmed ibn Shaikh yahya, title Sharfuddin , and he claimed his descent from one of the prophet’s Uncle’s, Zubair ibn Abdul Muttalib (radh) , belonging to the Hashimite clan of Quraish of Mecca. His grandfather, Maulana Muhammed Tajuddin (rah) , a contemporary of shabuddin ghori , was a Celebrated Scholar and mystic who had emigrated to Manyar in Bihar ( the town is presently known as Maner) from the town of Al Khalil in Syria. ( Al Khalil , drawing its name from the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) who is stated to be buried there , is at a distance of about 24 kilometers from Jerusalem. The town now forms a part of Jordan).

The maternal grandfather of Ahmad Sharfuddin, Shaikh Shahabuddin jag jot ( the light of the world) was also a renowned mystic shaikh of suharwardiyah order. Belonging to kashgar, he had come down to jathli, a village about 5 kilometers from patna. A spiritually animated soul reputed for his piety , he too came of the lineage of imam Hussein (radh) . Ahmed Sharfuddin was thus a lineal descendant of the prophet (S.A.W) from his mother’s side also.

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Shah ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Dihlawi

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيم

A scholar like his brothers, Shah Abdul Qadir was known for his piety and spiritual perfection. after the death of his father, when he was still a child he was taught by his brother Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlvi. being extremely courteous and always willing to help others he had become very popular among the masses who flocked to him for intellectual, religious and literary guidance.

Shah Abdul Qadir resided in the Akbarabadi Masjid where he imparted education to the students. those prominent among his disciples were Maulana Abdul Hai (son of Hibbat Ullah Budhanwi), Maulana Muhammed Ismail ( son of Shah Abdul Ghani,his younger brother), Maulana Fadhl i Haq (son of Fadl-i-Imam of Khairabad), Mirza Hassan Ali Shafi Lakhnavi, Shah Ishaq (son of Shah Afzal Umari Dehlvi) Maulana Syed Mahboob Ali Jafri, Maulana Syed Is’haq (son of Syed irfan of Rae Bareli) and several others.

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Shah Rafi al-Din ‘Abd al-Wahhab al-Dihlawi

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيم

Shah Rafi-uddin Abdul Wahhab, another son of Shah Waliullah (rah) was younger to Shah Abdul Aziz (rah). He attained fame and prestige as a Tradionist, Theologian and logician. he received education under the care of his elder brother and was initiated in the path of mysticism by Shah Muhammad Aashiq Phulti (rah). being precocious, he started teaching and giving juristic opinion at the age of twenty years.

he had also penned several works and after Shah Abdul Aziz (rah) became partially blind, he took up the responsibility of teaching in his father’s seminary. several scholars have acknowledged his forte and paid tributes to his literary creations.

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The Meeting of Mawlana Ashraf Ali Thanawi with Mawlana Fazlur Rahman Ganj Muradabadi

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيم

Hazrat Hakeem al Ummat (rah) says:

Twice I was blessed with the opportunity to present myself in the service of Hazrat Maulana Shah Fazlur Rahman saheb Ganj muradabadi (rah)… I cannot confidently recall the month and year but im quite sure that my first visit was in 1301 Hijri and the month was probably the month of Rabius Thani or Jamadul ula.

since I can only remember this visit to be after the period of my service at Kanpur..and it was my last journey during my association at Kanpur which was approaching the period of Meelad.. and people generally used to inquire about the masail of meelad.. being a fresh Mudarris I had arrived in Kanpur.. and after two months, owing to certain issues, I had resigned and made up my mind to return to Thanabhavan..Read More »

Mawlana Muhammad Mazhar Nanautwi

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيم

Mawlana Muhammad Mazhar Nanautwi[1]

(1238-1302 /1823-1885)

Mawlana Muhammad Mazhar ibn Lutf ‘Ali ibn Muhammad Hasan al-Siddiqi al-Hanafi Nanautwi—the righteous imam, ‘arif (knower of Allah) and mujahid—was amongst the leading scholars of fiqh, hadith, and tasawwuf in his time.

A descendant of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him), he was born in Nanautah, a village in the district of Saharanpur (UP, India). He initially studied under his father with whom he completed the memorization of the Qur’an (hifz).  He then travelled to Delhi, where he studied under Mufti Sadr al-Din Dehlawi, Mawlana Rashid al-Din Khan, the teacher of many shaykhs Mawlana Mamluk al-‘Ali Nanautwi, Mawlana Ahmad ‘Ali Saharanpuri and Shah ‘Abd al-Ghani Dehlawi. He studied some books of hadith from the renowned scholar of hadith Shah Muhammad Ishaq Dehlawi, the great grandson of Shah Wali Allah Dehlawi and successor of Shah ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Dehlawi.

After studying in Delhi, Mawlana Muhammad Mazhar Nanautwi occupied himself in correcting manuscripts (tas’hih) at the publishing house of Nawlkashur. Later he taught Islamic sciences at Ajmer College, and then at Agra College. Read More »

Ibn Taymiyyah and ‘Ulama Ahlus Sunnah

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيم

On a Sunniforum thread there was a discussion regarding ‘Allamah Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (Allah have mercy on him) and the view of the ‘Ulama regarding him.

Our brother, the doctor, “dr76” has posted some useful information that can be found here.

The purpose of this post is to ask anyone intrested and willing to translate the book ‘Allamah Ibn Taymiya Aur unke hum Asr ‘Ulama  by Shaykh Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi (Allah have mercy on him) which can be found at this link. The biography of the author can also be found at this link.

Insha’Allah your contribution in this project would be greatly appreciated and would be a means of thawaab-e-jaariya.

Seerat-e-Ashraf: The Life of Hakeem ul-Ummat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanawi

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيم


Seerat-e-Ashraf (2 vols) [URDU]

If a link to an online copy exists then please do provide it.

English translation currently being carried out by Jamiatul Ulama (Gauteng)


Sunniforum: Seerat-e-Ashraf