Shah ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Dihlawi

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيم

A scholar like his brothers, Shah Abdul Qadir was known for his piety and spiritual perfection. after the death of his father, when he was still a child he was taught by his brother Shah Abdul Aziz Dehlvi. being extremely courteous and always willing to help others he had become very popular among the masses who flocked to him for intellectual, religious and literary guidance.

Shah Abdul Qadir resided in the Akbarabadi Masjid where he imparted education to the students. those prominent among his disciples were Maulana Abdul Hai (son of Hibbat Ullah Budhanwi), Maulana Muhammed Ismail ( son of Shah Abdul Ghani,his younger brother), Maulana Fadhl i Haq (son of Fadl-i-Imam of Khairabad), Mirza Hassan Ali Shafi Lakhnavi, Shah Ishaq (son of Shah Afzal Umari Dehlvi) Maulana Syed Mahboob Ali Jafri, Maulana Syed Is’haq (son of Syed irfan of Rae Bareli) and several others.

Shah Abdul Qadir’s Urdu translation of the Qur’an is a monumental contribution, a miraculous work of exact rendering in a simple and idiomatic language. Maulana Abdul Hai has written in the Mehr-i-Jahan Tab that Shah Abdul Qadir once dreamt of the Qur’an being revealed to him. when he informed Shah Abdul Aziz about it, the latter told him that the dream was authentic, but as revelation had ceased after the last Prophet , he would serve the Qur’an in some unique manner. the interpretation of the dream by Shah Abdul Aziz ultimately took the shape of Muzeh-al-Qur’an.

Shah Abdul Qadir’s urdu rendering is marvelously simple yet accurate which follows drift and content of the text.
that the Shah was able to accomplish this task was a grace of God bestowed on the chosen few.

( Shah Abdul Qadir’s translation shows his mastery over Arabic and urdu. Nobody in india has surpassed him and he excels at places even such scholars of Arabic rhetorics and lexicography as Zamakhshari and Raghib Asfahani. A literary taste of the highest order coupled with absolute sincerity and divine grace would have been required for such an accomplishment.)

I (Hazrat Maulana Syed Abul Hassan Ali Nadwi (rah) ) have the honour of hearing the recitation of Muzeh-al-Qur’an from my maternal grandmother Sayyida Hamira (daughter of Shah Alam-ul-Huda Hasani Nasirabadi (rah)) who had been tutored by the daughter of Shah Abdul Qadir.

Shah Abdul Qadir  died on wednesday, 19 Rajab, 1230 / 27 June 1815. His elder brothers Shah Abdul Aziz and Shah Rafi-uddin were still alive who would have, naturally been most grief stricken. while burying the dead body of Shah Abdul Qadir they were heard saying, ” we are not burying an individual but an epitome of learning and gnosticism.”

Shah Waliullah  had four sons from his second wife Iradat Khatoon, the daughter of Syed Thana’ullah of Sonipat. Shah Abdul Aziz was the eldest followed by Shah Rafi-uddin , Shah Abdul Qadir and Shah Abdul Ghani. it was strange that they left this fleeting world in a reverse order.

all the four were eminent scholars of their time as well as guides to the people on the path of righteousness , though Shah Abdul Ghani could not make the mark like his brothers owing to his death at an early age. However, his son Maulana Muhammed Ismail Shaheed  was enabled by God to make good the loss on behalf of his father.”

Saviors of Islamic spirit (Tareekh Dawat o Azeemat) P:275 – 278

by: Maulana Shaikh Syed Abul Hassan Ali Al Nadwi


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